Top 10 mobiles to buy in 2018

Sony Xperia XZ Premium
Reading Time: 4 minutes

Best 10 mobiles to buy.

Sony Xperia XZ Premium

It is one of the most sought highend mobile phones to buy in 2018. We have gathered a list of top 10 mobiles in India to help you make a buying decision.

Product Description: Xperia XZ Premium is World’s First Smartphone with a 4K HDR Display for best details, colours, and contrast. Packed in a beautiful looking smartphone having reflective surface both front and back, due to Gorilla Glass 5. It comes with Motion Eye Camera which has a memory stacked within its image sensor, that enables your phone to record videos at a Super Slow Motion, i.e. 960 frames per second. The phone is powered by Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 processor which makes it capable of Gigabit Class LTE(up to 1 Gbps of download speed)

Technical Specification:

[table id=13 /]

Sony Xperia XZ Premium
Sony Xperia XZ Premium

Product Details:

  • 19MP primary Motion Eye Camera with 960 FPS super slow motion video recording and predictive capture, with a Triple Image sensor and Predictive Hybrid autofocus, 0.5 sec quick launch and capture, anti-distortion shutter, HDR photo, X8 digital zoom, steady shot with intelligent active mode (5-axis stabilization), 4k recording and 13MP front-facing camera
  • Xperia XZ Premium is the World’s First Smartphone with 4K HDR Display. The 5.5″ 4K HDR 3840 x 2160 pixels resolution screen that lets you enjoy best colours, clarity, and contrast in 4K, get the finest picture with most immersive experience, Corning Gorilla Glass 5 protected on both sides with IP65/68 water resistant.
  • Android 7.1 Nougat operating system with 4GB RAM and 64 GB Internal Memory expandable up to 256GB, Powered by Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 Processor which integrates Gigabit-class connectivity with the X16 modem, and delivers stunning graphics, industry-leading performance, and enhanced battery efficiency. You can enjoy up to 1Gbps of download speed and up to 150 Mbps of Upload Speed. Dual SIM (nano+nano) dual-standby (4G+4G),VoLTE (4G) Cat 16, VoLTE, ViLTE and VoWiFi
  • 3230mAH lithium-ion battery with Qnovo Adaptive Charging, STAMINA mode, Quick Charging 3, Smart Battery care for Adaptive charging which learns from the user’s charging habits to optimize battery health. Also get a bundled Quick charger I the box.
  • 1-year manufacturer warranty for device and 6 months manufacturer warranty for in-box accessories including batteries from the date of purchase.

What the Manufacturer Says:

A Beauty of Reflection
Reflection from Sony Xperia

Pleasing to the eye and gentle to touch, the premium glass loop surface creates a mirror effect that reflects the world around you. It’s made with Corning Gorilla Glass 5 on the front and back of the handset, taking beauty and durability to new heights.

The World’s First Smartphone with a 4K HDR Display
4K HDR Display

Using Sony BRAVIA TV technology, the Xperia XZ Premium plays 4K HDR content that’s so clear and lifelike, it takes your breath away. Watch the video to learn more about the immersive experience of this breakthrough technology.

A Camera that’s Ahead of its Time
 Awesome Camera

XZ Premium comes with the new Motion Eye Camera which has memory stacked within the image sensor and makes your camera much more creative by empowering your phone with the best of Alpha technologies. It enables your mobile camera to capture moments beyond human eye capabilities with great details and precision.



Slow Motion Capturs
Dramatizing Moment

The Motion Eye Camera is Unique: It records 960 frames per second, for super slow motion playback revealing life’s hidden magic. The footage is four times slower than videos from other smartphones1, so all the drama and detail is uncovered.


Best Shot Capturing
Screen Capturing

Real life can be much quicker than your camera-clicking finger. The new Motion Eye camera with predictive capture starts buffering images one second before you press the shutter button. It’s like rewinding time, and it gives you up to four images to pick from.


Sony Xperia XZ Premium
                                                                                     Water Resistant

Certified IP65/68, the Xperia XZ Premium is protected against water spills and dust. You can even take calls in the rain without worrying.

OnePlus 5T

It is one of the top 10 mobiles to buy in India.

Product Description: The OnePlus 5T comes with an 18:9 Full Optic AMOLED display, 20+16 MP dual primary camera, 6/8 GB of RAM; up to 128 GB memory, Snapdragon 835 processor and much more.

Technical Specification:

[table id=14 /]

Product Details:

  • 20MP+16MP primary dual camera and 16MP front-facing camera
  • 15.26 centimeters (6.01-inch) capacitive touchscreen FHD Full Optic AMOLED 18:9 display with 2160 x 1080 pixels resolution. Cover Glass:2.5D Corning Gorilla Glass 5
  • OxygenOS based on Android 7.1.1 Nougat with Qualcomm Snapdragon 835 octa-core processor
  • 8 GB RAM, 128 GB internal memory and dual nano SIM dual-standby (4G+4G)
  • 3300mAH Lithium Polymer battery with Dash Charge technology
  • Face Unlock, Fingerprint scanner, all-metal unibody and NFC enabled
  • 1-year manufacturer warranty for device and in-box accessories including batteries from the date of purchase.
One plus 5T
One plus 5T








Here is a list of top 10 Mobiles to buy

Check the mobiles.

























How to Get Started with Google AdWords

Google AdWords
Reading Time: 2 minutes


Google AdWords
Courtesy: Google AdWords


Here is a Categorization of Chapters for Google AdWords. We have separated cluster of videos separately for your Convenience.

The first Video Speaks the various ways to reach out to potential Customers across the Web.


Learn what search ads are and how Google AdWords can connect you with potential customers across the web. This video explains the ways to create a campaign.


To start running search ads, you’ll need a Google AdWords account with an active campaign. In this video, you’ll learn how to create your first search campaign.

So you’ve created your first search campaign. The next step is to set up ad groups, keywords and ads. In this video, you’ll learn how to pick the right keywords.

So you’ve picked the right keywords. Now it’s time to talk about writing the ads. In this video, you’ll learn how to write great text ads.

So you’ve written some great text ads. To reach your goals, you’ll need to track how you’re doing. In this video, you’ll learn how to set up conversion tracking in AdWords.

So you’ve set up conversion tracking and you’ve launched your search campaign. To start hitting your goals, you’ll need to know how well you’re doing. In this video, you’ll learn how to review your performance in AdWords.

Here is a video which can help you Adding Audiences to your search campaigns.

In order to find the right bid selection, go through the below video. It explains you all bid strategies in detail.

In order to improve your keyword performance, you should go on researching for new keywords. So please view the video attached below.

Formation of water vapor in Boiler Pipe

Steam Boiling Curve
Reading Time: 3 minutes

Boiling Curve of Steam:

Before understanding Steam Boiling Curve, let’s understand the various aspects of water to steam conversion in a boiler tube. The boiling point of water is defined as the temperature where water converts to steam i.e. it changes its phase from liquid to vapor. The saturation temperature of pure water at atmospheric pressure is 100°C. The saturation temperature is a function of pressure. As per Gay-Lussac’s Law: The pressure of a given amount of gas held at constant volume is directly proportional to the Kelvin temperature. As the pressure goes up, the temperature also goes up, and vice-versa. The reason is that water pressure affects some other parameters like enthalpy of water, latent heat, and steam enthalpy.

Steam Boiling Curve
Steam Boiling Curve

At a critical pressure condition of 3200 psi (22.1 MPa), the latent heat required to form water vapor becomes zero, and in this condition, there will be no bubbles of vapor during evaporation. So that the transition process changes the water phase into water vapor under these conditions will occur more smoothly. On the basis of this phenomenon, a boiler technology is evolved called super and ultra-supercritical boiler. Those boilers work by circulating water on boiler pipes with a pressure above the critical pressure of 22.1 MPa (221 bar).

Steam Boiling Curve:

The steam Boiling curve will explain to us the characteristics of the water boiling process. Research for this curve is done by dipping a hot metal into a certain amount of water. The rate of heat transfer per unit area or called the heat flux to fill the Y-axis of the curve. While the X-axis is filled by the temperature differential between the metal surface with the surrounding water.

A-B Water Heating: Convection heat transfer will cool the metal so that the boiling process will be retained. As it passes slightly through point B, it is known as the early boiling process, where the water temperature will rapidly adjust to the metal surface temperature and closer to its saturation temperature.

B-S Subcooled Nucleate Boiling: Water vapor bubbles begin to form on the metal surface. Periodically the bubbles will collapse (smaller) because it interacts with other water. This Phenomenon is called Subcooled Nucleate Boiling. In this process, the heat transfer rate is high, but not larger amount of water vapor is found.

S-C Nucleate Boiling: In this phase, the water temperature reaches the saturation temperature evenly. The vapor bubbles no longer collapse and shrink, it gets bigger and more bubbles form. This region is commonly called nucleate boiling region. This region has a fast heat transfer rate, and the metal surface temperature is higher than the water saturation temperature.

C-D Critical Heat Flux: In this phase, the formation of steam becomes faster. The air bubbles the metal surface, so the heat transfer does not happen properly. Here we find incomplete heat transfer. This process is known as critical heat flux (CHF).

D-E Unstable Film Boiling: This process is called the unstable film boiling process. At this process, the metal-fluid contact surface temperature does not increase. The heat transfer performance per area and energy transfer process are decreasing.

E-F Stable Film Boiling: The vapor insulation layer on the metal surface becomes very effective. The heat transfer from the metal surface through the film layer occurs by way of radiation, conduction, and micro-convection to the water surface adjacent to the film layer. This phase is known as stable film boiling.

There is a reason we call is boiling curve is because the process is quite unusual. It is unusual because of the below points

  1. Forced Convection Boiling
  2. Two-phase fluid flow
  3. Gravity
  4. Material Mechanics
  5. Heat Transfer Mechanisms
Steam Formation in Boiler Tube
Steam Formation in Boiler Tube

The above is a boiler tube. This picture is an illustration of the formation of the vapor from water in a boiler. The above explanation of boiling curve is applicable to it.

  • 1-2 Process – Subcooled Boiling
  • 2-3 Process – Saturated Nucleate Boiling
  • 3-4 Process – Connective Boiling (POint 4 is CHF Dryout Stage)
  • 4-5 Process – Unstable Film Boiling
  • 5-6 Process – Stable Film Boiling.



Phase Diagram of Water: Definition and Explanation

Phase Diagram of Water
Reading Time: 6 minutes

What is Phase Diagram?

The phase diagram is a graphical representation of phase change of a substance under different temperature and Pressure conditions. Phase diagram of water is a pressure-temperature diagram, that represents various phases of water like ice, water, and steam under various condition.

Phase Diagram of Water
Phase Diagram of Water

In the above diagram, X-axis represents Temperature and Y-axis represents Pressure. Blue, Green and Yellow Colour represents three different phases of water. The first curve becomes the boundary between the solid phase and the gas phase. The second curve is the boundary between the solid phase and the liquid, whereas the third curve becomes the boundary between the liquid phase and the gas. This third curve is known as the saturated line. The phase of water at this line is saturated steam. Along the saturation line, regardless of the magnitude of pressure and temperature, water and steam present in equilibrium. End of the first curve is the Triple point of water. At the Triple point, water, ice, and steam co-exist together. This condition is at a pressure of 0.61 kPa and 0.010°C. Seen in the diagram above, below the triple point, water has no liquid phase. Under this triple point, the solid water (ice) will instantly evaporate into the gas if there is a rise in temperature at constant pressure. The phase of water vapor can be classified again into three, saturated steam, superheated steam, and supercritical steam.

Above the triple point, there are two branching curves with each function. One curve stays between solid and liquid phases and the other curves constrain between the liquid phase and the gas. At the end of the liquid-gas curve, there is a point we know as a critical point. The critical point is a point that becomes the end of the liquid and gas phase equilibrium curve so that it can be in the same condition of pressure and temperature. The critical point of water is at 22.1 MPa and 374°C.

Water vapor at pressures and temperatures over critical points cannot be condensed only by increasing the pressure alone. Or another example, if we heat water at a constant pressure of 25 MPa, liquid water will not experiencing saturated steam phase – which is a mixture of water and water vapor – but will instantaneously turn the phase into supercritical vapors. This concept is the basis for the use of supercritical boilers in modern steam power plants.

Phase diagram of Water

A phase diagram in physical chemistry, engineering, mineralogy, and materials science is a type of chart used to show conditions at which thermodynamically distinct phases occur and coexist at equilibrium.

What is Saturated Steam?

As explained above Saturated steam is a condition in which water vapor has an equilibrium pressure and temperature with liquid water. Saturated steam is a wet steam, which still mixed with liquid water-phase molecules. This saturation vapor begins to form just as the water reaches its boiling point until all the energy from latent heat is absorbed by water. While all latent heat has been absorbed by water, and the amount of vapor phase has reached almost 100% of its, that is the end of the vapor phase of saturation. The process of reaching almost 100% of the vapor phase occurs at stable pressure and temperature. In the phase diagram of water, the saturated steam phase is shown as a line (between green and yellow color) of saturation curves which is the boundary between liquid water and superheated steam.

The phase of saturated steam can only form along the saturated curve. The lower limit of the saturated curve is the triple point, while the upper limit of the curve is the critical point. Water in more than triple-point conditions will not experience a phase of saturated steam. Water that has a pressure above 22.1 kPa, if it continues to be heated will immediately turn the phase into supercritical steam.

Enthalpy vs Pressure
Enthalpy and pressure

The mixture between water vapor and liquid water in the saturated steam can be determined in amount by using a saturated steam diagram. This diagram uses pressure as the Y-axis and the enthalpy as the X-axis. This saturated steam diagram is made of a curve. Half of the curve from the lowest point to the top is called the saturated water curve. This part curve becomes the boundary between liquid water with the saturated steam phase. For the right curve from the top of the curve to the lowest point is called the saturated steam curve. This curve becomes the boundary between the phase of saturated steam and superheated steam phase. Right at the vertex of the curve is a critical point, the same point as the critical point in the phase diagram of water.

Since the saturated steam is under constant pressure, a certain amount of saturated steam is represented by a horizontal straight line connecting a point on the saturated water curve to another point on the saturated steam curve. The point on the saturated water curve (hf) shows the enthalpy value of saturated water, ie how much heat energy required for water at pressure P per one unit of mass can reach saturated water. While the point on the saturated steam curve (hg) is the total enthalpy value required so that the water reaches 100% of steam.

The simple relationship is:
hg – hf = hfg

hf = enthalpy saturated water
hg = enthalpy saturated steam
hfg = difference of enthalpy required saturated water to achieve saturated steam

In other cases, the enthalpy value given to water is not as large as hg, ie only by hmix. The hmix point is anywhere along the horizontal line. In this case the saturation vapor is a mixture of vapor with water whose ratio can be easily determined using the following equation:

hmix = hf + x . hfg

x = comparison of the amount of water in the overall vapor mixture of saturation
hmix = enthalpy mixture

What is Superheated Steam?

Superheated steam is a phase of water that has passed through the saturation phase by absorbing more thermal energy so that the entire water fluid has a pure gas phase. Superheated steam contains high thermal energy, and used as an energy medium of the power plant steam turbine. The dry and pure phase characteristics of this have become the absolute requirement of steam before it can enter the steam turbine. This is because superheated steam is able to avoid the damage caused by the erosion of wet moisture as in saturated steam.

Water Liquid Phase change to Superheated Steam

Liquid water can turn the phase into superheated steam after crossing the saturation curve line.

Case1: First, with fixed pressure, the environmental temperature is increased.

Case2: Second at a fixed temperature, the environmental pressure is lowered.

Case3: Room pressure is lowered along with rising room temperature.

But all these processes must meet one condition, the line of change of environmental conditions must cut the saturation curve.

Solid Water Phase (Ice) change to Superheated Steam

Ice can directly change the phase to dry superheated steam without having to pass through the liquid phase, and vice versa.

Superheated steam can directly change the phase to ice without having to pass through the liquid phase. This change of phase must be at a lower pressure than the triple point, ie 0.61 kPa, or 0.006 atm, almost vacuum pressure.

When the cloud above the Earth’s atmosphere which has vacuum pressure, it cools rapidly so that the water vapor changes instantly into ice, We call it sleet.

Supercritical Steam Phase Change becomes Superheater Steam

Supercritical steam can turn the phase into superheated steam by lowering the pressure.

Supercritical steam has pressure and working temperature above the critical point, which is more than 22.1 MPa and 374 ° C.

Thus, a certain amount of supercritical steam is at 25 MPa and a temperature of 600°C decreases the pressure to 18 MPa, the steam will turn into superheated steam.

What is Supercritical Steam?

Supercritical steam is a water phase condition above the critical point of water, which is 22.1 MPa and 374°C. There are two characteristics of supercritical steam: water has no latent heat value, as well as the same volume-specific value between water and supercritical steam. Supercritical steam phase has an indistinguishable phase between liquid nor gas. Supercritical steam is used at modern steam turbine power plants which are pursuing high efficiency. The main challenge of using this supercritical steam is in the design of boiler tube materials. The boiler tube should be very resistant to thermal stress causing by the generation process of supercritical steam.

Beyond the critical point (>647.096 K, >22.064 MPa) in the liquid-vapor space on the right. At the critical point, there is about 30% free monomeric H2O molecules and about 17% hydrogen bonding with other supercritical fluids. supercritical water has no surface tension with its gas or liquid phase or any other supercritical phase as no such interfaces exist. Above 647.096 K, water vapor cannot be liquefied by increasing pressure.

Properties of Supercritical Steam:

The properties of supercritical water are very different from ambient liquid water.

  1. Supercritical water is a poor solvent for electrolytes. However, it is such an excellent solvent for non-polar organic molecules, due to its low relative permittivity (dielectric constant) and poor hydrogen bonding, that many are completely miscible.
  2. Viscosity and dielectric both decrease substantially whereas auto-dissociation increases substantially. The physical properties of water close to the critical point (near-critical) are particularly strongly affected by density.
  3. An extreme density fluctuation around the critical point causes opalescent turbidity. At the critical point, only one phase exists. The heat of vaporization is zero.

Types of Super heater Boiler – 2018

Supercritical Boiler

Reading Time: 2 minutes

Types of Superheater Boiler:

The superheater is a subcritical boiler component that serves to heat the saturated steam, at constant working pressure, so it becomes superheated steam. At the beginning of the 20th century, some engineering experts patented the design of different superheater. The below are the different types of superheater boiler.

1. Radiant Superheater:

The radiant superheater is a superheater positioned in the boiler’s combustion chamber, so that superheater pipes instantly absorb the radiant heat from the combustion inside the furnace. In water-tube boilers, these superheater radiant pipes are placed hanging over the top of the boiler furnace. These pipes will absorb the second greatest heat energy, after the raiser or evaporator tube. At radiant superheater, the more steam flows in the superheater pipes of radians, the steam temperature output decreases.

2. Convective Superheater:

The convective superheater is the superheater pipes of the boiler which placed in the flow of the flue gases that still contain heat. These convective superheater pipes will absorb heat from combustion exhaust gases conventionally. This concept is primarily to maximize heat absorption from combustion. In contrast to the radian superheater, the characteristic of the convection superheater is that the more steam flows in the convection superheater pipes, the output of superheated steam temperature increases.

3. Separately Fired Superheater:

The Separately fired superheater is a superheater that is placed separately from the main boiler, which has own separate combustion system with the main boiler. This superheater design is not like the radians or convection types that still use the combustion heat inside the furnace, but instead, put additional burners in the area of superheater pipes. This type of superheater is not popularly used, and even tends to be extinct due to the efficiency of combustion ratio with steam quality that is not better than other superheater types.

4. Combination Radiant and Convection Superheater:

The last superheater type is the most popular and still applied today. This superheater combines both the opposite characteristics between radiant and convection superheater, resulting in more homogeneous superheated steam temperature output in the various steam flow. The graph below explains these characteristics.

Steam Flow vs Superheated Steam Final Temperature
Variation of Steam Flow vs. Superheated Steam Final Temperature

The above graph represents that combination of radiant and convention superheater boiler will give the best output compared to individual one and the performance of boiler increases significantly. In modern subcritical boilers, the superheater component of radians is subdivided into several stages. In the subcritical boiler diagram below for example, after passing the Primary Superheater which is a convection superheater, steam is streamed sequentially to the Platent Secondary Superheater, Intermediate Secondary Superheater, then the last is the Final Secondary Superheater. This design aims to maximize the absorption of radiant heat from combustion inside the furnace.

Supercritical Boiler

Know more about the supercritical boiler in the link attached.




IIT Bhubaneswar in Detail – 2019

IIT Bhubaneswar

Reading Time: 7 minutesIIT Bhubaneswar is one of the premier institutions in India. IIT Bhubaneswar is established by Government of India in 2008. Indian Institute of Technology Bhubaneswar was a demand from the public of Odisha for a very long time. Chief Minister Naveen Patnaik and the NDA government at that time fought with the UPA government over an IIT for Odisha. Finally, It took shape in 2008. IIT Kharagpur mentored IIT BBS for the initial 4-5 years.

IIT Bhubaneswar
IIT Bhubaneswar

The academic programmes of Institute include B. Tech. in Computer Science, Civil, Electrical, ECE, Metallurgical and Materials and Mechanical Engineering. The institute started its Dual degree courses in Mechanical and Civil Engineering from the academic year 2016-17. The Institute introduced the Doctoral programme from the academic session 2009-2010. IIT Bhubaneswar started offering admission to the joint M. Tech-Ph.D. Programme from July 2012. The Institute has broadly adopted the course curricula, syllabi and other academic regulations of IIT Kharagpur, the mentor institute.

The Institute has adopted the concept of Schools rather than Departments for promoting interdisciplinary research. At present, the following Schools offer academic programmes:

  • School of Basic Sciences
  • School of Humanities, Social Sciences, and Management
  • School of Mechanical Sciences
  • School of Infrastructure
  • School of Electrical Sciences
  • School of Mineral, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering
  • School of Earth, Ocean, and Climate Sciences

IIT Bhubaneswar Infrastructure:

The permanent campus of IIT Bhubaneswar is spread over 936 Acres of land. It is situated at the foot of Barunei Hill, which is famous for its rich history. The campus provides a uniquely serene and pollution free academic environment. IIT Bhubaneswar has an Academic area, Residential area, an area for Training Centres and Research Park. Although IIT Bhubaneswar had started functioning from two transit campuses in Bhubaneswar city during its inception period, the majority of residential and academic activities have now started in the permanent campus at Argul.

  • Library
  • Patents/Publications
  • Research and development
  • Research Facilities

Library: Currently IIT BBS Library is the storehouse of 16400+ volumes of Technical, Text, and General books. The Institute has access to over
8,300 full-text electronic journals through 50+ full-text e-resources, over a million full-text dissertations and 4 bibliographic databases from a number of publishers and aggregators. To monitor the Library they use RFID technology.

Patents/Publications: Last year IIT BBS’s faculty members and students have contributed to creating knowledge by publishing more than 250 original research papers in reputed national and international Journals and Conferences, published 8 books/book-chapters. 3 Indian patents have been filed by the students and faculty members of IIT Bhubaneswar.

Research and Development: The Research and Development activities of the Institute receive major funding from agencies like DST, CSIR, UGC, ISRO, DRDO, ICSSR, DAE, CPRI, DAC, DBT, Deity, NALCO, NPOL, IUSSTF, INCOIS etc. The faculty members of IIT BBS have submitted 35 project proposals under the IMpacting Research Innovation and Technology (IMPRINT) program, a flagship program of MHRD. The various domains under which these projects have been submitted are Advance Materials, Energy, Nanotech Hardware, Health Care, Defence, CS & amp; ICT, Environmental Sciences & amp; Climate Change, Water Resources & amp; River Science, Manufacturing and Sustainable Urban Design. The Institute has recently submitted proposals for setting up of five Centres of Excellence (CoE) such as:

(a) Centre for Advanced Research in Next Generation Networks (CARNGN)

(b) Centre of Excellence in Precision and Micro Manufacturing

(c) Centre of Excellence in Cooling and Energy Store Technology

(d) Centre of Excellence on Land, Water, Energy, and Climate

(e) Centre of Excellence on Regional Climate and Coastal Hazards.

Research Facilities: The Institute is well equipped with modern classrooms for teaching and laboratories for both teaching and research. All the classrooms are equipped with multimedia projectors, wireless internet connectivity and audio speakers. The Institute designed and developed three virtual classrooms (VCR) sponsored by National Knowledge Networks (NKN). These rooms facilitate real-time on-campus and off-campus teaching and learning processes. A campuswide optical-fiber ensures internet connectivity in all classrooms computer labs, central library, and faculty rooms. The Institute has Central Instrumentation Facility (CIF) in which many high-end laboratory equipment is available.

Academic Programmes offered at IIT Bhubaneswar:

IIT BBS offers the below Programmes

  • B. Tech in Civil, Mechanical, Electrical, Computer Science, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering
  • M. Tech in Transportation, Thermal Science and Engineering, Material Science and Engineering, Structural Engineering, Power system engineering, Climate Science and Technology and Applied Geoscience Technology
  • M. Sc programmes in Chemistry, Mathematics, Physics, Geology, Atmosphere and Ocean Sciences.
  • Ph.D. programmes

School of Electrical Sciences IIT Bhubaneswar:

Electrical Engineering: The objectives of the Electrical Sciences Programme in IIT Bhubaneswar are to produce engineers who pursue distinctively
multidisciplinary scientific and technical careers beginning with either entry level Electrical Engineering positions in industry or graduate study in Electrical Engineering and related fields, participate in multidisciplinary teams that cooperate in applying problem-solving skills and critical and independent thinking to a broad range of projects that can produce the technical innovations aimed at satisfying the future needs of society. The School is involved in areas of research such as Digital Signal Processing, image processing and Computer Vision, Soft & Evolutionary Computing, Sensor Networks, Intelligent Instrumentation, Theoretical & Computational Electromagnetics, Power Electronics, Wireless Communication Systems, Power Systems, Renewable Energy Sources. The School is equipped with teaching & research laboratories such as Digital Signal Processing & Embedded Systems Lab, VLSI Lab, Electrical Machines and Power Electronics Lab, Power & Energy Systems Lab, Signals & Systems
Lab, Wireless Sensor Networks Lab, Radiating Systems Lab, Communications Systems Lab, Measurement & Electronic Instrumentation Lab and Electronics Lab.

Computer Science & Engineering: To facilitate this, a major part of the curriculum emphasizes on laboratory courses, with the department equipped with teaching and research laboratories such as Systems Laboratory, Algorithms Laboratory, Computer Architecture Laboratory, Digital Signal Processing and Embedded Systems Laboratory. Core departmental requirements include courses on Theoretical Computer Science, Algorithms, Graph Theory, Computer Networks, Operating Systems, Compiler Design, along with regular projects. In addition, specialized
elective courses such as Software Reliability, Artificial Intelligence and Network and Systems Security are offered to keep pace with emerging technologies and trends. Along with technical courses, Breadth courses in subjects such as Economics, Literature, and Psychology are also offered to provide a holistic education to the students.

School of Mechanical Sciences in IIT Bhubaneswar:

The School of Mechanical Sciences in IIT Bhubaneswar offers various academic programmes in Mechanical Engineering for undergraduate, Master’s and Doctoral degrees, encompassing a wide range of areas such as Computer-Aided Designing and Manufacturing, Robotics and Controls, Internal Combustion Engines, Multi-phase Flow Systems, Composite Materials, Smart Materials and Structures, Computational Fluid Dynamics, Advanced Materials Modelling, Microfluidics, Conjugate Heat Transfer and Acoustics.
The School comprises of several laboratories, dedicated to academic purposes, as well as engaged in research & development across important domains of Mechanical Engineering such as Computer-Aided Designing and Manufacturing, Rapid Prototyping, Robotics and Controls, Multi-phase Flow Systems, NanoMechanics, Material Science, Bio-Mechanics, Green Supply Chain Management, Composite Materials, Smart Materials and Structures, Fluid Dynamics and Micro-Electro-Mechanical Systems (MEMs).

School of Infrastructure in IIT Bhubaneswar:

B. Tech. in Civil Engineering which trains students in various domains, such as structural analysis, construction materials, planning and management, pavement design, soil mechanics and foundation engineering, a design of reinforced concrete and steel structures, water resources engineering, wastewater engineering and computer-aided design. M. Tech. programs focus on Structural and Transportation Engineering which focusses on subject areas like construction project management, seismic design, modern construction materials, pavement analysis and design, urban transportation planning, and traffic engineering. The school is also engaged in mission projects through the participation of the students and faculty. The students are encouraged for entrepreneurship.

School of Humanities, Social Sciences, and Management in IIT Bhubaneswar:

The School of Humanities and Social Sciences projects the humane face of technology that aims to infuse in the students a sense of consciousness through the study of Literature and Language. The School envisages in making men who are receptive and responsive in temperament, secular and responsible in character. It also aims to produce technocrats, who can contribute productively to the world of economics and commerce. It is the School’s aim to nurture and augment the creative ideas of its students. Visualisation of an abstract idea or concept before giving it a form or structure is an exercise that the school wishes to put into practice to develop cognitive abilities of young minds.

School of Basic Sciences in IIT Bhubaneswar:

The School of Basic Sciences is a unique school with an emphasis on interdisciplinary research in areas of Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics,
and Biosciences. The broad areas of research in Physics include Theoretical and Experimental High Energy Physics, Theoretical and Experimental
Condensed Matter Physics, Optics and Photonics, Atomic Molecular and Surface Physics, Non-equilibrium Statistical Mechanics, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, and Novel Material search.

School of Minerals, Metallurgical and Materials Engineering in IIT Bhubaneswar:

The school focuses on ground-breaking research and imparts its students with quality education and excellent facilities. The school faculty members are involved in manifold research areas such as Metal Matrix Composites, Solid Oxide Fuel Cell, Hydrogen Storage Materials, Modelling and Simulation of Materials, Friction Stir Welding, Extraction of Rare Earth Metals, Mechanical Behaviour of Nanomaterials, Oxide Foam Synthesis, and Electronic Materials. For providing impetus to ongoing and future research work, the following labs are being expeditiously set up: Mechanical
Testing Laboratory, Minerals Processing Laboratory, High-Temperature Processing Laboratory, Modelling and Simulation Laboratory, Joining Laboratory, Surface Modification Laboratory, Powder Processing Laboratory, Amorphous Materials Processing Laboratory, Machine Shop, Electrometallurgy Laboratory, Optical Microscopy Laboratory, Thermal Analysis Laboratory, and Metallographic Sample Preparation Laboratory.

School of Earth, Ocean, and Climate Sciences in IIT Bhubaneswar:

M.Sc. (Geology) programme include Geophysical techniques, Coal and Petroleum Geology, Reservoir Characterization, Ore Geology etc. to meet the industry demands. M.Sc (A&O) and M.Tech (CST) students are trained in computer modeling and simulations, data assimilation, field observations, big data analytics for atmosphere, ocean, climate and other applications. The labs are equipped with the DC-resistivity meter, seismographs, differential GPS, HPLC, ICP-OES, TOC analyzer, gravimeter, microwave digestion system, high resolution polarizing and streozoom microscopes, current meter, CTD, Wave and tide logger, Particulate analyzers, radiometer, flux tower etc. The computer lab is facilitated with high-performance workstations where students are trained in different climatological, weather data processing, remote sensing and GIS software, Geophysical software, MATLAB etc. Providing a strong background in computational techniques is one of our major objectives. In addition, students regularly participate in field work (Geology, ocean and atmosphere observation), ocean expeditions and visiting reputed national and international institutes/organizations for training programmes, workshops and summer internships.

Prominent Recruiters in IIT Bhubaneswar:

. Addverb


• Hindalco Industries Ltd.
• Hyundai
• Infosys Ltd.
• Innoplexus
• Innovaccer
• Inteliment
• Indian Oil Corporation Ltd. [IOCL]
• iNautix
• Ittiam
• KIIT University
• KPIT Technologies
• L&TConstruction
• L&T Infra Engineering
• L and W Constructions
• Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.
• Maqsoftware
• Maruti Suzuki
• Marvel Realtors
• MathWorks
• MuSigma
• Net Cracker
• Oil and Natural Gas Corporation
Limited (ONGC)
• Originet Tech. Ltd.
• Persistent
• Rao Edusolutions
• Reliance Jio
• Samsung India Electronics Pvt.
• Sandip University
• Sankalp semiconductor
• Seclore
• Semtech
• Signion Systems
• Sokrati
• SOA University
• Soctronics Technologies
• SRC Technik
• Styletag
• Sun Route
• Tesco
• TCS Digital Enterprises Solutions & Services
• TCS (IT and S/W)
• TCS R & D
• TATA Motors
• Tata Steel
• Tata Power
• TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd.
• Texas Instrument
• Tricon InfoTech
• Trident Group
• United Health Group
• Vedanta
• Videonetics
• Visa Steel
• Works-Application
• WSP Parsons
• ZeMoso Technologies
• Zuti Engineering
• Affine Analytics
• Aindra
• Airvana
• Alakriti
• Altair Engineering
• Amazon
• Asteria Aerospace
• Axiom Research Labs Private Ltd.
• AAKASH Institute
• Avanti Learning Centre
• Belcan
• Capgemini
• Coal India Ltd
• Cognizant Technology Solutions
• Computer Associates
• Co-Cubes
• Cyient
• Deloitte
• Digital Management Inc. [DMI]
• Directi
• Finisar, Malaysia
• Fiitjee
• Flipkart Online Service Pvt. Ltd.
• Focus 4-D career Education Pvt.
• Go-Jek
• Grofers

Foreign Direct Investment in India – 2018

Foreign Direct Investment

Reading Time: 5 minutesForeign Direct Investment is a critical driver of economic growth. Foreign direct investment (FDI) is a major source of non-debt financial resource for the economic development of India. By investing in India Foreign companies take advantage of relatively lower wages, special investment privileges such as tax exemptions, etc. FDI also generates a credibility for an Investor as it creates employability opportunity for developing and underdeveloped nations. For a country where foreign investments are being made, it also means achieving technical know-how to do business in a new geographical, political situation.

Foreign Direct Investment
                Foreign Direct Investment in India

The Indian government’s favourable policy regime and robust business environment have ensured capital flow from foreign into the country. The government has taken many initiatives in recent years such as relaxing FDI norms across sectors such as defence, PSU oil refineries, telecom, power exchanges, and stock exchanges, among others.

FDI Market size

As per Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), the total FDI investments in India during April-December 2017 was US$ 35.94 billion. This is a result of government’s effort to improve ease of doing business and relaxation in FDI norms. The season April-December 2017 attracted the highest FDI equity inflow of US$ 6.14 billion from the telecommunications sector, followed by computer software and hardware – US$ 5.16 billion and services – US$ 4.62 billion. The total FDI equity inflows for the month of December 2017 touched US$ 4.82 billion. During the period of  April-December 2017, India received the maximum FDI equity inflows from Mauritius (US$ 13.35 billion), followed by Singapore (US$ 9.21 billion), Netherlands (US$ 2.38 billion), USA (US$ 1.74 billion), and Japan (US$ 1.26 billion). Mr Anil Sinha, An advisor for Global Impact Investing Network for South Asia has approximately estimated that the Investment quota can increase by 25% annually.

Investments/ developments

KPMG one of the leading consulting firm has reported India to be one of the fastest growing investment destinations for foreign investors in 2016, led by an increase in investments in real estate and infrastructure sectors from Canada.

Some of the recent significant FDI announcements are as follows:

  • In February 2018, Ikea announced its plans to invest up to Rs 4,000 crore (US$ 612 million) in the state of Maharashtra to set up multi-format stores and experience centres. Swedish home furnishing major Ikea has opened an Rs 100-crore distribution centre in Pune and is also scouting for land in Bengaluru and Gurgaon.  Ikea India plans to set up 25 stores by 2025, investing Rs 10,500 crore. The company has so far hired 100 people for its distribution operations in Pune and is looking to employ at least 200 more there.
  • In November 2017, 39 MoUs were signed for an investment of Rs 4,000-5,000 crore (US$ 612-765 million) in the state of North-East region of India.
  • In December 2017, the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) approved FDI proposals of Damro Furniture and Supr Infotech Solutions in the retail sector, while Department of Economic Affairs, Ministry of Finance approved two FDI proposals worth Rs 532 crore (US$ 81.4 million). Damro Furniture would undertake single brand retail trading of ‘Damro’ branded products in India, according to the DIPP’s Foreign Investment Facilitation portal. The company had proposed to invest Rs 402 crore. Supr Infotech Solutions will carry out food product retail trading of milk and other daily need products. The firm proposes to invest Rs 10.85 crore.
  • The Department of Economic Affairs, Government of India, closed three foreign direct investment (FDI) proposals leading to a total foreign investment worth Rs 24.56 crore (US$ 3.80 million) in October 2017.
  • Singapore’s Temasek will acquire a 16 percent stake worth Rs 1,000 crore (US$ 156.16 million) in Bengaluru based private healthcare network Manipal Hospitals which runs a hospital chain of around 5,000 beds. Temasek had purchased 18% stake in Manipal Hospitals from private equity firm True North for approximately Rs 1400 crores in September 2017.
  • France-based energy firm, Engie SA and Dubai-based private equity (PE) firm Abraaj Group have entered into a partnership for setting up a wind power platform in India. Together, Abraaj and Engie have identified a robust pipeline of wind power projects representing over 1 GW (gigawatt). The NDA government has set an ambitious clean energy target of 175GW by 2022. Of this, 100GW is to be generated by solar projects and 60GW by wind projects.
  • US-based footwear company, Skechers, is planning to add 400-500 more exclusive outlets in India over the next five years and also to launch its apparel and accessories collection in India. The company clocked Rs 220 crore in revenues in the last calendar year.
  • The government has approved five Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) proposals from Oppo Mobiles India, Louis Vuitton Malletier, Chumbak Design, Daniel Wellington AB and Actoserba Active Wholesale Pvt Ltd, according to Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP).
  • Cumulative equity foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows in India increased 40 percent to reach US$ 114.4 billion between FY 2015-16 and FY 2016-17, as against US$ 81.8 billion between FY 2011-12 and FY 2013-14.
  • Walmart India Pvt Ltd, the Indian arm of the largest global retailer, is planning to set up 30 new stores in India over the coming three years. Walmart acquired Flipkart for US$ 16 billion.
  • US-based e-commerce giant, Amazon, has invested about US$ 1 billion in its Indian arm so far in 2017, taking its total investment in its business in India to US$ 2.7 billion.
  • Kathmandu based conglomerate, CG Group is looking to invest Rs 1,000 crore (US$ 155.97 million) in India by 2020 in its food and beverage business, stated Mr. Varun Choudhary, Executive Director, CG Corp Global. The firm is known for its Wai Wai noodles brand. It has set up a production unit at Rajasthan with an investment of Rs 250 crore to support its plan of becoming a full-fledged F&B player. It has started a chain of restaurants – Wai Wai City – in Delhi, Noida, Pune, Bengaluru and Siliguri over the past few months and plans to take the number of outlets to 500 by 2020.
  • International Finance Corporation (IFC), is planning to invest about US$ 6 billion through 2022 in several sustainable and renewable energy programmes in India.
  • SAIC Motor Corporation is planning to enter India’s automobile market and begin operations in 2019 by setting up a fully-owned car manufacturing facility in India. SAIC Motor envisions to deliver environment-friendly mobility solutions under the iconic ‘MG’ (Morris Garages) brand.
  • SoftBank is planning to invest its new US$ 100 billion technology fund in market leaders in each market segment in India as it seeks to begin its third round of investments.

Government Initiatives

In September 2017, the GOI emphasized the states to focus on strengthening single window clearance system for fast-track approval processes, in order to increase investments in India. The Ministry of Commerce and Industry, GOI has eased the approval mechanism for foreign direct investment (FDI) proposals by doing away with the approval of Department of Revenue and mandating clearance of all proposals requiring approval within 10 weeks after the receipt of application. India and Japan have joined hands for infrastructure development in India’s north-eastern states and are also setting up an India-Japan Coordination Forum for Development of North East to undertake strategic infrastructure projects in the northeast.

The Government of India is in talks with stakeholders to further ease foreign direct investment (FDI) in defence under the automatic route to 51% from 49%, in order to give a boost to the Make in India initiative and generate employment. In January 2018, 100% FDI was allowed in single brand retail through automatic route along with relaxations in rules in other areas.

Way ahead

India has become the most attractive emerging market for global partners (GP) investment for the coming 12 months, as per a recent market attractiveness survey conducted by Emerging Market Private Equity Association (EMPEA). The World Bank has stated that private investments in India are expected to grow by 8.8% in FY 2018-19 to overtake private consumption growth of 7.4%, and thereby drive the growth in India’s gross domestic product (GDP) in FY 2018-19.

Inflation, WPI and factors of Economic Development – 2018

Inflation, Price Rise, Economic Fluctuation

Reading Time: 2 minutesInflation is an economy-wide increase in general level of prices. Inflation affects all segments of the economy. It hurts persons having fixed incomes. Inflation affects retired people who depend on the interest income on their savings. Inflation upsets macro-economic decision making as the uncertainty regarding future costs can affect projections. It may appear that the borrowers are benefiting, but it leads to a fall in the cost of capital. Inflation is calculated on the basis of the movement of  WPI (Wholesale Price Index). WPI is used to monitor the dynamic movement of prices. WPI is used widely by Government, Industries, Banks and Business circles. So WPI acts as a medium to determine the formulation of trade, fiscal and other economic policies by GOI. The WPI indices are used as an escalation clause in the supply of raw materials, machinery and construction work. The Economic Advisor in the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion is responsible for compiling WPI and releasing it.

Inflation, Price Rise, Economic Fluctuation

Types of Inflation

  1. Demand Pull Inflation: It occurs when excessive demand for commodities pulls up their prices. Too much money too few goods.
  2. Cost-Push Inflation: When wages and other costs rise up, the producers pass higher costs to the consumers in the shape of higher prices.
  3. Stagflation: A situation where high rates of inflation co-exist with high rates of unemployment.
  4. Hyperinflation: A situation of runaway inflation reaching even up to 100  percent per Annum. It is a case where money loses its importance as a medium of exchange.

Price level Measurement

Change in the price level is measured by the following:

  1. Wholesale Price Index
  2. Consumer Price Index
  3. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Deflator

Wholesale Price Index:

The new series of WPI with 2012-13 as the base has a weighted average of indices covering 702 commodities, which are traded in primary, manufacturing, and fuel power sector. WPI is thus a measure of inflation on an economy-wide scale. The weight for primary articles is only 22.61%, reflecting the structural changes in the economy. The updated WPI table is given in the table below.

[table id=12 /]

Consumer Price Index:

CPI is the retail price average of a basket of goods and services directly consumed by people. CPI is a more accurate benchmark for Inflation than WPI. CPI is computed separately by Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation for the following groups. You can check the CPI data attached here.

  1. CPI urban
  2. CPI rural
  3. CPI combined

GDP Deflator:

The GDP Deflator is arrived at by dividing GDP at current prices by GDP at constant prices in terms of base year prices. This indicates as to how much of growth in GDP in a year is due to price rise and how much due to increased output.

GDP Deflator, which distinguishes between physical growth in output and price rise, gives an accurate picture of the overall price level. Theoretically, the growth in physical output in an economy has to be matched by a corresponding growth in monetary flows.  Any mismatch between the two gets reflected in the growth rate and price changes. Any mismatch between the two gets reflected in the growth rate and price changes. Monetary Policy aims at managing the balance between growth in real flows and growth in monetary flows.

Mentoring Your Teenager in the right direction


Reading Time: 5 minutes

What Is Mentoring?

‘Mentoring refers to a personal developmental relationship in which an experienced & knowledgeable person helps a student. The intent is to develop the student’s capabilities through a one-on-one relationship that is outside a formal organizational structure. Mentors provide insight, guidance, and point advice and direction, based on their own experience and expertise.’ A mentor is needed for your teen.


Why Mentor?

Mentoring provides a guarantee to students that someone out there cares and is looking out for them. It offers them a reassurance that they are not alone in dealing with the day-to-day challenges and issues. Studies have shown that ‘quality mentoring powerful positive effect on [students] in a variety of personal, academic, and professional situations’**. It has been seen that mentoring enhances growth and development, and provides more social and economic opportunities.

Benefits of Mentoring

Research has shown that mentoring has a positive impact on the youth. It has been observed that mentoring has indicated:

  • Improved academic performance;
  • Improved class performance;
  • Increased number of homework and assignments turned in;
  • Better discipline;
  • Positive perception of academic competence;
  • Positive attitude towards school; and
  • Reduced number of students skipping classes.

Strategies to discipline your teenager

Teenage tantrums and mood swings can be tricky and most of the parents find it difficult to deal with them. To understand a teenager one needs to understand his/her thought process. This can help parents to set boundaries for their teenagers and implement rules effectively to discipline them.

As I always say, Parenting is not easy. Setting the rules of behavior and imbibing them in the children at an early age can help parents in regulating the behavior of children during their teenage years. But this is not the ultimate solution, sometimes well-behaved kids can turn into rebellious teenagers too. Let us explore a few strategies that can help you to discipline your teenager.

  1. Creating a respectful environment for the teenager: It is extremely crucial for you to treat your teenager with a lot of respect. Most of the teenagers perceive themselves to be at par with the adults and expect to be treated in the same manner. Therefore, one has to ensure that the tone in which you interact with your teenager is respectful. Scolding your teenager will not suffice the cause. You will have to tackle this issue with a lot of patience.
  2. Clarify your expectations with discussions: Talk to your teenager about the significance of goals and related expectations of them. Ensure that the expectations are practical and realistic in nature.
  3. Assure your support towards your teen: You ought to assure your teen that you shall be with him/her against any odds. Your assurance can improvise your relationship with your teen in no time. Every time your teen tests you remember to understand the needs of your teenager first. Secondly, be prepared to fit into multiple roles to support your teen.
  4. Teaching your child to understand the implications of their actions: One thing is to be borne in mind as a parent is that you should make your teen accountable for all his/her actions. You don’t have to punish them just making them aware of the repercussions of their acts can do wonders.
  5. Learning from mistakes is a good thing: Ensure that you don’t have to sit lecturing your errant
    ➤ (s) straying from the right course or from accepted standards
    ➤ (s) uncontrolled motion that is irregular or unpredictable
  6. You as a parent should be a role model for your teen and mentor.

Parenting is not an easy task. As a parent, you may have to be extremely patient and witty while dealing with your teen. Teenage is a phase where teens sport a more careless attitude with a tagline ‘I don’t care’, ‘whatever’ or ‘just chill mom/dad’. Streamlining the teenagers to do the right things in life is extremely difficult. Some teens may ask for some benefits to stay motivated to do some household chores, homework etc. Are you finding it difficult to motivate your teen? Here are a few guidelines to help you motivate them.

  • You will have to sit calmly with your teen and discuss the importance of studying and the long-term benefits attached to it.
  • Ensure that you make him/her understand the importance of homework and how it benefits in helping them revise the teachings in the classroom
  • Serious studies can help them in mastering the subjects and making a bright future.
  • Once your teenager understands all this, he/she will definitely have a positive approach towards academics and feel motivated to study seriously.

How can you Mentor your teenager?

  • Appreciating and complimenting their efforts will motivate your teens: Everyone loves appreciation. Likewise, compliments can boost one’s confidence. When both of them are combined teens feel extremely delighted as their efforts are appreciated.
  • Lure your teens with deals and agreements: If you find that your teen is not putting in enough efforts towards academics and in learning, then luring with deals and agreements is the best option to motivate them. Ensure that you adhere by your deal when you get the desired results.
  • Nagging is not the right thing to do: Constant nagging will irritate your teen and he/she may snap back and return to his/her original careless attitude. This will put all your efforts to rest.
  • Constant support throughout will do wonders: Ensure that you stand by your teen at all times. Assure him/her that you shall support them whenever needed. Try to have a friendly conversation and tell him/her that you believe he/she will excel in their academics for sure. Try creating a positive atmosphere at home.
  • Help your teen to begin: Showing an active involvement in the activities of your teen will give them enough motivation. But ensure that your interference should not irritate your teen. Create an environment at home that supports learning.
  • Freedom is vital:  One thing you need to bear in mind, in the process of supporting your child does not restrict their freedom. Let them be independent in making decisions. This will also make them responsible. Kindly share your experiences in motivating your teens too.

Here are some questions asked by Some Parents and Their answers by our Academic Counselor Shanti.

How would you react if your daughter told you she is lesbian and has a girlfriend?

This is not a big problem. As parents, we think that that they are wrong. Please talk with your daughter and about her girlfriend. In this whole world, all are not heterosexual. Some are homosexual too. We should take care of them, after all, they are your daughter.

My 16-year-old daughter just got a phone and she’s been hiding it from me. She spends most of her time in the closet or in the toilet chatting on Facebook. How do I address the issue?

You should always make comfort with her. She still fears you to talk. She is finding it to get offended if she will talk to you. So you should approach her first.




Is Your Kid Addicted to Mobile or TV?

Reading Time: 4 minutesIt is often argued that mobile and television brought in what is called the information wave; however, we see otherwise. What they give you is information, some of it unnecessary, without a real structure to it. We live in a super-technological era. And it’s a blessing. It drives all of mankind forward into the future. But in some way, as every coin has two sides, it’s also a curse. Technology is making our lives easier in many ways, but we have also become quite dependent on it. It is changing the way we live, influencing the way we behave and altering the way we think. You can only imagine the implications it will have on our children. Today’s kids sure are much more informed than earlier.

TV Addiction to kids
TV Addiction to kids

Nowadays, a  4-year-old toddler is an expert in putting a YouTube video he likes on the laptop, making it full-screen and turning up the volume. And this is nothing compared to his proficiency in the smartphone arena. He can play games, take photos, show them to us and then take more. He can find his favorite songs, play them and then adjust the song progress cursor to the part of the song he especially likes. Well, he can also occasionally call someone from the contacts list and then hang up.

TV Addiction

They are, however, so overloaded with information, they find it difficult to process all of it. What we recommend is that the kids gain real knowledge, which is perhaps a little more than plain information.

Worse, they are, what we believe, agents of distraction. Real, useful knowledge, is built over hours of focused work. A longer attention span allows a child to delve deeper into a subject (scholastic or otherwise), understand things in detail and ensure this knowledge seeps into the depths of the mind.

Mobile Addiction

A busy mobile or a blaring TV disturbs this attention span. A presumed long hour of study, disturbed intermittently by TV or mobile isn’t helpful. Here are a few suggestions from our experts on how to avoid a child getting addicted to these gadgets.

  • First things first. As a parent, get rid of these devices yourself. If you can’t live without checking WhatsApp and facebook every 5 min, there is little chance your child will do any better.
  • Music on mobile or TV is a great pacifier for babies. They are equally harmful. A baby brought up on ‘eat while watching cartoons on mobile’ has little chance of changing 10 years later.
  • Restrict their usage. Yes, peer pressure is omnipresent; all your child’s friends being on Facebook or Instagram invariably lures your child to sign up as well. It is fine to use social networking in moderation. However, restrict their usage timings.
  • A game of cricket is wonderful to watch. It is much more exciting to play. Show them how exciting it is to play in the sun every evening, instead of being glued to the cartoons on the TV. If need be, play with them yourself.
  • Identify your child’s passion and hone it. Music, dance, art, crafts, swimming, anything. It is important to note what could keep a child engaged for long, and promote the child’s interest in them. Great if your child ends up being the next Micheal Phelps or a Micheal Jackson; if nothing else, the child develops a sense of passion and powers of concentration. Both will help her/him live a good life tomorrow.

There is so much that a child can do. Ensure a little TV or a mobile does not restrict their potential.

Brain Workout for your kid:

Our brain too deserves to stay fit and healthy. You can design your kid’s workout regime for her brain and neurotics (brain aerobics) can help your kid in achieving the desired goal. Here are five great brain exercises to keep your kid’s brain active and healthy. My advice here will be to try first on your own and then let your kid do it.

1. Close your eyes and then try to do your simple and easy routine activities. This exercise helps you to stay focused on your task. Also, you can stimulate and improve the strength of your other senses too. Closing your eyes makes your brain think differently and carefully thereby activating the other senses too.

2. Train your brain by switching your hands. Try to use your non-dominant hand to do all daily activities. The brain thinks differently and tries to help your hand to adjust to the new routine. For instance: If you operate your TV remote control with your right hand, try doing the same with your left hand. This may seem easy but in fact, it is much harder and one needs to focus a lot.

3. Ensure that you consume foods that boost your brain. Fish oils, antioxidants, and dry nuts are extremely good for the brain.

4. Novelty and creativity are essential for your brain. So, one has to ensure that he/she doesn’t repeat any of his/her activities else it becomes monotonous. Innovative ideas and creativity signify that your brain’s perspective towards crucial things works in a different manner.

5. Playing games helps you with strategies, organizing things, interacting and planning too. In short you tend to multitask your activities. Neurotics or brain aerobics stimulates all the brain cells and helps it to stay healthy. Brain health occupies a crucial position in maintaining the overall health of a person too.

Do You Know most kids in India Suffer from Learning Loss?

“Learning Loss” is a term coined to denote the loss of academic skills and knowledge over the long vacation. This happens due to the child’s relative academic inactivity during the summer months. Learning loss can be avoided if the child keeps herself updated with academics for a short while regularly during vacation. Learning loss can be detected right from early schooling years. Consequently, it cascades to the academic year resulting in a below-average performance of the child. Learning loss is referred to as “Summer Slide”.

Which Subjects are hit badly during Learning Loss?

  1. Mathematics
  2. Spellings and Reading Abilities
  3. Science
  4. Social Studies


  1. Active involvement of the parents in bridging the learning gap of their children
  2. Summer Learning Programmes
  3. Robotics Classes
  4. Music Lessons
  5. Dance Classes
  6. Scientific Projects
  7. Mathematical Modeling
  8. Worksheets